Psoriasis: What is it, its types, causes, treatment- All you need to know
Updated: Feb 9
Skin is of utmost importance, and it covers almost 15% of the entire body’s weight. Any trauma or skin disease is not only visible to everyone but is also quite painful at times. Psoriasis is one such skin condition that causes significant swelling and patches on the skin. It is very common, and anyone can develop this condition; to be more precise, globally, over 125 million people (which counts for 2-3% of the total population) suffer from psoriasis. Receiving the treatment at the right time is highly crucial so that the condition can be controlled and patients can have a better chance at living life normally.
Table of Contents
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What is Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a type of skin disorder in which the skin becomes patchy and scaly with redness around it (sometimes, pinkish). This is a chronic condition that can be mainly seen in areas such as elbows, knees, scalp skin, trunk, etc. The skin appears to be cracked, causes itchiness and eventually bleeding. In psoriasis, the skin cells are developed 10x faster, and in a few days, the affected area is filled with bumpy patches.
Types of Psoriasis
Psoriasis may develop in different forms and can be broadly classified into seven types, which includes:
Inverse Psoriasis - Reddish patch with a shiny look that develops in hidden areas like the armpits, groin, skin folds (in buttocks and genitalia), under the breasts, etc.
Guttate Psoriasis - This type of psoriasis is generally found in children or young adults. Red spots can start forming on their limbs, torso, thighs, scalp, etc. It is a rare type of psoriasis and occurs in less than 2% of the total psoriasis cases across the world.
Plaque Psoriasis - Also known as Psoriasis Vulgaris, this is one of the most common types of psoriasis. Shiny red skin patches form on elbows, knees, scalp skin, and other body parts. The patches swell up like blisters and cause skin itchiness, burn, etc.
Erythrodermic Psoriasis - Although not a very common type of psoriasis, it can have severe implications and affects the internal body parts functioning. It spreads across a vast region of the body and gives the appearance of burn. It causes itchiness, peeling of the skin, palpitations, and fluctuation in body temperature.
Psoriatic Arthritis - In this condition, psoriasis targets the joints of the body and causes inflammation. Chronic psoriasis can, later on, may change to arthritic psoriasis, affecting the finger joints, toe joints and make mobility a challenging factor.
Nail Psoriasis - This type causes brittleness and pitting of nails. Over 90% of the people affected with psoriatic arthritis are more likely to get affected with nail psoriasis as well.
Pustular Psoriasis - In this type, white bumps or red patches appear on regions like the palms, sole of the feet, fingers, toes, etc., and are filled with watery pus. It is very painful and causes skin flakiness and itchiness.
How is it caused?
The exact cause of psoriasis remains clouded until today. But factors that can trigger psoriasis occurrence can be a weaker immune system and genetics. If the immune system is weak, the soldier cells (white blood cells) mistakenly target the healthy skin cells as foreign bodies. As the skin cells fight with the WBCs, the cell production speeds up to cover the loss of dead skin cells. As a result, the skin cells get piled up and form bumpy layers on the skin.
Genetics can play an essential role in developing psoriasis. This skin condition can be transferred from one generation to the other through affected genes. As much as 2-3% of the people with such genes get affected by psoriasis in their life.
Signs and Symptoms
Psoriasis can be generally spotted with the following signs and symptoms:
Red patchy skin
Scaling of the superficial layer of bumpy skin
Painful itching and burning sensation
Brittle and tender nails
Cracked skin with bleeding
When to consult a doctor?
People with the above symptoms should go and visit a dermatologist and get treatment as soon as possible. Avoiding consultation and medical attention might worsen the condition. For instance, chronic psoriasis can lead to arthritic psoriasis in later stages. This can be a painful experience and cause joint deformities and difficulty in moving. To get the best treatment, you must understand the symptoms of psoriasis and seek medical care to control the severity of the condition.
At Elan Healthcare, you will get the right consultation and the best psoriasis treatment in Delhi according to your concern.
Is it contagious?
No, psoriasis is not contagious. It is a skin condition where rashes, redness, and itchiness occurs. As cell production speeds, it causes scaly skin and causes soreness. This condition is triggered by cellular abnormality and can’t be spread from one person to another by physical contact.
Psoriasis treatment in Delhi involves the help of certain topical medications like ointments, creams, etc., to soothe the inflamed skin. Some topical treatments include corticosteroids, retinoids, salicylic acid, Goeckerman therapy with a combination of coal tar and UVB light, etc.
Apart from this, light therapies are practically beneficial for people with psoriasis. Treating the affected skin with sunlight, UVB light, psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA), excimer laser, etc. are helpful in psoriasis.
Oral medications or injectables are also crucial in controlling the severity of psoriasis and come under the first line of treatment.
At Elan Healthcare, you will get the best consultation at an affordable cost of psoriasis treatment in Delhi.
Regular medications and therapeutic treatments help reduce the psoriasis effect, but what is more important is to expose the body to gaining appropriate nutrients. Understanding which food or topical products trigger psoriasis can be very helpful in avoiding severity. Home remedies like soothing aloe vera gel, essentials oils, and certain supplements might also help improve the skin condition gradually.